How to Make Silk Fabric

Collect silk cocoons. Sort the cocoons by color, size, shape and texture. Soften the sericin or silk gum holding the cocoon’s filaments by alternating hot and cold immersions. Then, the silk filaments are unwound. Several strands are reeled together in lengths of 300 to 600 meters, or approximately 984 to 1,968 feet because individual filaments are too fine for commercial production. Wind the reeled filament into skeins, and bundle them into bales and ship to silk mills. After that, the silk thread is woven into fabric using hand or power looms at the mills.

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