Silk bedding material is primarily charmeuse or habotai.
The cultivation of silkworms to produce silk is sericulture.
- Silk moth lays eggs.
- Larvae or caterpillars hatches out of eggs.
- Larvae eat mulberry leaves.
- Silk worm produces silk in a pair of glands in its head. As soon as the silk liquid comes into contact with the air, it turns into fibers. Generally, a silk worm produces about 1 mile of silk in 2-3 days, and encases itself in a cocoon.
- Silk worm secretes a liquid onto the silk threads to dissolve them after it transforms into a moth, so it can emerge. However, most of the worms are killed with heat before they change, producing pure mulberry silk. Only a few of them are allowed to survive for continued breeding.
- The silk is obtained by brushing the cocoon to find the end of the silk filament.
- Then, the silk filaments are wound on a reel. One cocoon contains approximately 1,000 yards of silk filament. This is raw silk. One yard comprises several individual silk filaments.
We harvest wild silk from cocoons found in the wild. Wild silk is a darker color after feeding on a diet of wild mulberry and whatever else a silk worm chooses to eat. Wide silk, known as Tussah, is a bit coarser in texture than mulberry silk.
Dupioni is another type of wild silk. When two silkworms spin cocoons that are joined together, Dupioni is produced.