The Silk Road was an ancient network of trade routes that extended from Eastern Europe to China. The 4000-mile trade route dates back to the 2nd century B. In 1870, Ferdinand van Richthofen, a German geographer, named it “Silk Road” because silk was the most popular goods.
- The Silk Road often changed depending on the weather, raids, natural disasters and bandits threatened the safety, and included land and sea routes that traders had to cross in order to do business in faraway places.
- While on the land portion of the Silk Road, transfers used camels for transportation.
- The Silk Road not only contained silk but also carried other goods like spices, porcelain, perfume, gems, coral, ivory, furs, gunpowder, glass beads to barter or sell.
- European brought jade, wine, slaves, animals, tableware, wool, and Mediterranean-colored glass to China.
- Silk was considered as valuable as gold because it was very light to carry and very valuable. Chinese brought silk products including dyed rolls, tapestries, clothing, carpets, and embroideries, to Europe.
- Spices not only were very important for trade in the west but also were important for preserving food or masking the flavor of rotten food on the Silk Road.
- On the Silk Road, camels, horses, and even yaks were the common transportation.
- Samarkand provided water for 200,000 people. Samarkand was the biggest and most impressive city on the Silk Road and was famous for its craftsmen, astronomers, poets. China’s many routes started from this city.
- Many traders went from one city to the next and back home, they did not travel the entire Silk Road. But, the goods would be traded all along the route until they reached the far ends.
- On the Silk Road, many of the large caravans were heavily guarded to keep away from bandits.
- It was said that the Silk Road brought the Black Death which result in the deaths of a large percentage of Europe’s population.
- As one of the most famous historical figures to travel the Silk Road, Marco Polo is the first European to chronicle his experience traveling to China.
- A new Silk Road is a railway that runs between China, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and Russia.
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- Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor of the Silk Road was designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site
- The Importance & Historical Significance of the Silk Road
- How Long Is The Silk Road In Miles
- Where Did The Silk Road Originate
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