Textile Knowledge

What is textile? Different types of textile fabrics. Basic knowledge on fabrics. What is fabric and what does it consist of?

Abrasion and Pilling of Fabrics

During wear and washing, fabrics are affected by friction forces during usage. Friction forces results in the abrasion and pilling of fabric. Abrasion Abrasion is the mechanical deterioration of fabric components by rubbing against another surface. Abrasion ultimately results in the loss of performance characteristics, such as strength, but it also affects the appearance of

Introduction to Woven Fabrics

Woven fabrics are made by interlacing two sets of yarns at right angles to each other. The lengthwise yarns are known as warp yarns or ends, while the widthwise yarns are known as filling yarns or picks. The lengthwise edges of the fabric are the selvages. The selvage is usually easily distinguishable from the rest

Comfort Properties Of Fabrics

Is your clothing comfortable? What are some of the factors that influence your answer with regard to the clothes that you are presently wearing? It is likely that some of the textile characteristics of fabrics will influence your answer. It may also depend on how the garments fit or even on psychological factors, such as
All protein fibers are composed of amino acids that have been formed into polypeptide chains having larger molecular weights. The number and arrangement of alpha-amino-acid residues vary among the fibers, and there is considerable difference between hair and secretion fibers. Fibers in this group have excellent absorbance. Their standard moisture regain is high, and tend
A textile is any kind of woven, knitted, braided or tufted cloth, or a non-woven fabric. Textile also refers to the yarns, threads and wools that can be spun, woven, tufted, tied and otherwise used to manufacture cloth . The production of textiles is an ancient art, whose speed and scale of production has been

Fiber Identification Methods

The number of different fibers used in the textile industry is quite large. Identification of these fibers is frequently difficult since it is usually not possible to distinguish one fiber from another merely by touch or sight. Other tests must be performed. There are advantages and disadvantages to each. Some are easy, quick and relatively
For approximately 3,000 years China successfully held the secret of silk and sericulture and held a virtual monopoly on the silk industry. About AD 300 Japan learned the secret of raising silkworms and reeling the filaments from the cocoons. Throughout history, silk has maintained a position of great prestige and is considered a luxury fiber.

All About Silk

Silk, a natural protein fiber, is obtained from the cocoons of the larvae of the mulberry silkworm Bombyx mori. And these bright yellow cocoons can provide up to 500 meters of silk thread per cocoon. Silk fabric was first developed in ancient China. And, about 5,000 years ago, China began to cultivate silkworm, and silk
The word textile comes from the Latin term textilis ( “woven”, and the verb textere, “to weave”). Today the word textile is more generalized to refer to products made from fibers. A fiber is defined, in a very general way, as any product (capable of being woven or otherwise made into a fabric). It may
What is a Fiber? All textiles are made up of fibers. Fibers include natural fibers (cotton, bast and leaf fibers, wool, silk) & synthetic fibers. General Properties of Fibers High length to diameter ration, fineness and flexibility A certain level of strength Extensibility and elasticity Resistance to chemicals, heat and sunlight Ability to be colored
Silk is a natural protein fiber, composed mainly of fibroin and is produced by certain insect larvae to form cocoons. Silk (78% protein) is much stiffer than wool in spite of both being proteins made from amino acids chains. Silk emitted by the silkworm consists of two main proteins, sericin and fibroin, fibroin being the
Around 2600 B.C., China discovered silk, and then leads the world’s silk production, followed by Japan, Brazil and India. Now, France and Italy are the primary manufacturers of silk, while United States is the leading manufacturer of silk products. Silk not only can be used to make cloth but also is used for upholstery, wall