Around 2600 B.C., China discovered silk, and then leads the world’s silk production, followed by Japan, Brazil and India. Now, France and Italy are the primary manufacturers of silk, while United States is the leading manufacturer of silk products.
Silk not only can be used to make cloth but also is used for upholstery, wall coverings, rugs, bedding and wall hangings. What’s more, silk is used in a variety of commercial and industrial applications, including parachutes, bicycle tires, comforter filling and artillery gunpowder bags.
Silk fiber is produced by silkworms. Silkworm has two glands which can produce a liquid form of silk and it will become solid fiber when it comes into contact with air. Silk fiber will be collected during the moth stage of silkworm, and each cocoon produces about 1,000 yards of silk fibers.
Silk fibers are woven into different types of silk fabrics and weaves. Most common ones are Charmeuse, Chiffon, Crepe de Chine, Gauze, Georgette, Habutai, Organza, Raw Silk…
|Types of Silk Fabric||Characteristics||Weight|
|Broadcloth/ Habotai||same as China Silk except heavier; wrinkles less; good for shirts||medium (10 mm) up|
|Chiffon||a soft plain wave fabric made with twisted yarns||Sheer – Light to Medium|
|China Silk／ Fuji Silk／Washable Silk||Spun Silk, best for lining and crafts; inexpensive, often called washable silk, wrinkles||8 mm up (light)|
|Crepe de Chine||Popular for clothing; lustrous fabric; superior drape; made from twisted yarns||14 mm popular but inferior; 16 mm is good blouse weight, heavier available|
|Organza||plain weave; sheer silk made of tightly twisted, fine yarns; use for interfacing, veils, under gowns||Crisp, Sheer|
|Charmeuse / Crepe Back Satin||crepe backed satin; rich luster; drapes beautifully. Ideal for bedding products and sleepwear.||medium; 16 or higher|
|Pongee||a variation of tussah; slight rib and texture; inexpensive||light weight; traditional summer fabric|
|Brocade||Jacquard design often with metallic thread, usually contains some rayon; good for jackets||heavy|
|Taffeta||hand woven is best; crisp fabric that rustles||medium to heavy weight|
|Shantung||slubbed silk, duppioni yarns||many weights from light to suit|
|Velvet||pile fabric often containing some rayon; gorgeous drape||medium to heavy|
|Peu de Soie||skin of silk; satiny face||heavy|
|Damask||jacquard woven silk of elaborate patterns||light to medium|
|Noil (raw silk)||spun silk with nubby texture; appearance of soft cotton or wool; easy care, wrinkle resistant; travel well||medium to heavy|
|Tussah (wild silk)||wild silk, generally from India, loosely woven||heavy, nice for suiting|
- Different Types Of Silk & Their Differences
- Different Types Of Fibers With Pictures & Their Properties
- Different Types Of Synthetic Fibres With Pictures & Their Uses
- Different Types Of Woven Fabric With Pictures & Their Uses
- Different Types Of Indian Silk Sarees With Pictures
- Different Types Of Clothing Materials With Pictures & Their Uses
- Different Types of Bed Sheet Fabrics & Materials
- Different Materials Of Sleepwear; Different Types Of Sleepwear
- Different Types of Bed Sheets: Microfiber, Cotton, Bamboo & Silk
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