Different Types Of Silk Fabric With Pictures & Their Characteristics

Silk fibers are made into different types of silk fabrics and weaves.

Types of Silk Fabric
CharacteristicsWeight
Broadcloth/ Habotai

broadcloth-habotai

same as China Silk except heavier; wrinkles less; good for shirtsmedium (10 mm) up
Chiffon

chiffon

a soft plain wave fabric made with twisted yarnsSheer – Light to Medium
China Silk/ Fuji Silk/Washable Silk

china-silk-fuji-silk

Spun Silk, best for lining and crafts; inexpensive, often called washable silk, wrinkles8 mm up (light)
Crepe de Chine

crepe-de-chine

Popular for clothing; lustrous fabric; superior drape; made from twisted yarns14 mm popular but inferior; 16 mm is good blouse weight, heavier available
Organza

organza

plain weave; sheer silk made of tightly twisted, fine yarns; use for interfacing, veils, under gownsCrisp, Sheer
Charmeuse / Crepe Back Satin

charmeuse

crepe backed satin; rich luster; drapes beautifully. Ideal for bedding products and sleepwear.

medium; 16 or higher
Pongee

pongee

a variation of tussah; slight rib and texture; inexpensivelight weight; traditional summer fabric
Brocade

brocade-silk-fabric

Jacquard design often with metallic thread, usually contains some rayon; good for jacketsheavy
Taffeta

taffeta

hand woven is best; crisp fabric that rustlesmedium to heavy weight
Shantung

shantung

slubbed silk, duppioni yarnsmany weights from light to suit
Velvet

velvet-silk-fabric

pile fabric often containing some rayon; gorgeous drapemedium to heavy
Peu de Soie

peu-de-soie-silk

skin of silk; satiny faceheavy
Damask

damask-silk-fabric

jacquard woven silk of elaborate patternslight to medium
Noil (raw silk)

noil-raw-silk

spun silk with nubby texture; appearance of soft cotton or wool; easy care, wrinkle resistant; travel wellmedium to heavy
Tussah (wild silk)

tussah-wild-silk

wild silk, generally from India, loosely wovenheavy, nice for suiting

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