How to clean and care for different types of fabrics: silk, acetate, cotton, linen, polyester, spandex, wool…
1. How to Care for Silk
- Silk is a supple, strong and lustrous fiber. Most weave patterns made of silk fabric will tighten or wrinkle if washed, and dark dyes may not be color fast.
- Read labels before cleaning silk garments.
- Take “Dry-clean only” silk garments to dry cleaner to clean them.
- For washable silk garments, you can hand wash them with mild baby shampoo to clean the natural protein and revitalize the fiber.
- Roll the item in a towel to press out moisture.
- Hang the item to dry.
- Press the item with a warm iron.
- Do not tumble silk in a dryer.
2. How To Care for Acetate
- Read care label carefully before washing.
- Hand wash acetate garments with cold water, or wash it by using a machine which the gentle cycle.
- Turn the clothes containing acetate over, or place a press cloth on it, and then iron it with the low-heat setting.
- Never twist, wring or heat acetate.
3. How to Care for Cotton
- Read care label before cleaning. If it says “Cold water only”, your ankle-length trousers will convert themselves to pants if not washed correctly.
- Preheated cotton items can be washed with hot water, warm water or cold water, and this depends on the color of the clothing and the care label recommendations.
- If care labels agree, you can add chlorine bleach to the white cotton detergent to remove the stain. Color cotton can be brightened by non-chlorine bleaches formulated for colored clothing.
- If you want to protect the deep color of cotton jeans and preserve the pep of brightly colored Hawaiian shirts, you can wash them with cold water.
4. How to Care for Linen
- Read care labels on linen garments.
- For machine washable clothes, wash them according to label instructions, and the washing water should be appropriate to the garment’s color.
- Do not wash or dry too much linen garments at a time.
- Iron linen from the inside out with a hot iron setting.
5. How to Care for Polyester
- Read care label.
- For most polyester fabrics, machine wash cold, tumble dry low.
- When they are still slightly damp, remove them from the dryer to prevent wrinkles and avoid static buildup
- Iron them with low heat.
6. How to Care for Spandex
- You can hand wash or machine wash spandex.
- Do not use hot water.
- Never use chlorine bleach.
- Hang spandex garments to dry.
- Press the item quickly with a warm iron.
7. How to Care for Wool
- Read care label to check whether the garment must be dry-cleaned.
- For washable wool garment, wash them with a gentle detergent according to the clothing care label.