Housewife Pillowcases have a sewn edge, which fits snugly to the pillow (below top). Pillowcases in the 19th Century had a simple opening at one end, and often the pillow would fall out. In the 1880’s the Housewives Co-operative in Bolton adapted a standard pillowcase to include an inside flap at the end, keeping the pillowcase in place. They then became known as “Housewife” pillowcases in the co-operatives honour. Now this is a far more compelling story than them being invented for housewives.
Oxford Pillowcases have a fabric border around the edge, usually around 5cm (below bottom).