Can you distinguish the difference between mulberry silk and wild silk?
Mulberry silk, also called cultivated silk, is the most common among the many kinds of silk. It makes up 90% of the silk supply in the world. This popular kind is produced by the bombyx mori silkworms which are fed from the mulberry bush (thus the name).
Wild silk, including Eri silk, Tasar silk and Muga silk, is less durable because and the filaments are not continuous.
- Eri silk belongs to either of two species namely Samia ricini and Philosamia ricini. P.ricini (also called as castor silkworm) is a domesticated one reared on castor oil plant leaves to produce a white or brick-red silk popularly known as Eri silk.
- Tasar silk is the second most produced silk behind mulberry silk. Mulberry silk is created by caterpillars that eat mulberry leaves exclusively.
- Muga silk comes from the cocoons of caterpillars that are only found in Assam, India. Some caterpillars who produce eri silk are raised on the leaves of the castor oil plant.